African Countries and Nationalities

Learn how to say the names of African countries and nationalities in English. Below you will find:

• Names for each African country, commonly used in English (ie: Our family went to Egypt for our last holiday.)

• An adjective used to describe things from that particular country (ie: What do you know about Egyptian culture?)

• A nationality adjective, used to describe the people from that country (ie: Always haggle with Egyptian merchants.)

• A noun used to describe the inhabitant of that particular country (ie: My best friend is Egyptian.)

North and West Africa

Country Adjective Nationality Inhabitant
Algeria Algerian Algerian Algerian
Egypt Egyptian Egyptian Egyptian
Ghana Ghanaian Ghanaian Ghanaian
Ivory Coast Ivorian Ivorian Ivorian
Libya Libyan Libyan Libyan
Morocco Moroccan Moroccan Moroccan
Nigeria Nigerian Nigerian Nigerian
Tunisia Tunisian Tunisian Tunisian

East Africa

Country Adjective Nationality Inhabitant
Ethiopia Ethiopian Ethiopian Ethiopian
Kenya Kenyan Kenyan Kenyan
Somalia Somali / Somalian Somali / Somalian Somali / Somalian
Sudan Sudanese Sudanese Sudanese
Tanzania Tanzanian Tanzanian Tanzanian
Uganda Ugandan Ugandan Ugandan

Southern and Central Africa

Country Adjective Nationality Inhabitant
Angola Angolan Angolan Angolan
Botswana Botswanan Botswanan Botswanan
Angola Angolan Angolan Angolan
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congolese Congolese Congolese
Madagascar Malagasy Malagasy Malagasy
Mozambique Mozambican Mozambican Mozambican
Namibia Namibian Namibian Namibian
South Africa South African South African South African
Zambia Zambian Zambian Zambian
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean Zimbabwean Zimbabwean