To be (Present)

In present tenses be = am/is/are depending on which pronouns we use it with:

Singular

pronoun

be

contraction

I

am

I’m

you

are

you’re

he

is

he’s

she

she’s

it

it’s

Plural

pronoun

be

contraction

we

are

we’re

you

you’re

they

they’re

The word be can be used to make negatives and questions:

Singular

Affirmative

Negative

Question

I am / I’m

I am not / I’m not

Am I?

you are / you’re

you are not / you aren’t / you’re not

Are you?

he is / he’s

he is not / he isn’t / he’s not

Is he?

she is / she’s

she is not / she isn’t / she’s not

Is she?

it is / it’s

it is not / it isn’t / it’s not

Is it?

Plural

Affirmative

Negative

Question

we are / we’re

we are not / we aren’t / we’re not

Are we?

you are / you’re

you are not / you aren’t / you’re not

Are you?

they are / they’re

they are not / they aren’t / they’re not

Are they?


The word be is:


-used with adjectives to describe somebody/something.

I’m tired I think I’ll take a nap.

The dress is white and gold. It isn’t black and blue.

Is Mark’s new car expensive?


-used with there and prepositions to describe existence and location.

There is a lot of snow outside.

The car keys are on the table.


-used with the Present Continuous as an auxiliary verb.

I am taking a pottery class.

Harold isn't working at the moment. He's unemployed.

Are Susan and Fred seeing each other?


-used with the Passives as an auxiliary verb.

Lots of products are made in China.

Darrel is driven to school by his mom every morning.