Subject Pronouns

The person or thing that performs the action of the verb in the sentence is the subject.

We use subject pronouns to replace the subject (person or thing) of a verb. We do not normally say:

Ann is pretty, Ann is tall.

Saying the word Ann twice is repetitive and doesn’t sound natural. The Subject (Ann) is replaced with a subject pronoun (she) in order to avoid repetition So we would say:

Ann is pretty, she is tall.

We replace the second instance of Ann with a subject pronoun.


* Note: It is usually used to refer to object, things, animals or ideas (we do use it for people)

The dog is small. It is funny looking. (it = the dog)

Our flat is new it is quite modern. (it = our flat)


* Note: We sometimes use it when we don’t know the gender of a baby (if it’s a boy or a girl)

Their baby is really cute, it was born yesterday. (it = their baby)


* Note: We use it when talking about the temperature, weather, and time.

It’s midnight! You should go to bed.

It’s supposed to be 30 degrees today.

I heard it is going to rain today.

We use the following subject pronouns in English:

Singular

Subject Pronoun

Who

Masculine or Feminine

I

first person

masculine or feminine

you

second person

masculine or feminine

he

third person

masculine only

she

third person

feminine only

it

third person

object / animal / thing

Plural

Subject Pronoun

Who

Masculine or Feminine

we

first person

masculine or feminine

you

second person

masculine or feminine

they

third person

masculine or feminine

For Subject Pronoun exercises go to:

Subject Pronouns