Present Simple

We use the Present Simple to talk about:

– GENERAL TRUTHS

It often rains in England.

Doug doesn’t like football.

Does Sandra live in England?

– HABITS AND ROUTINES

Joe wakes up at 6:30 am every day.

I don’t work on Sundays.

Do you usually drive to work?

– SCHEDULED EVENTS

The train leaves at 7:00 pm.

The film doesn’t start until ten.

Does the plane to Leeds depart from this gate?

Form

Affirmative

I/you/we/they

he/she/it

work/do/like etc.

works/does/likes etc.

Negative

I/you/we/they

he/she/it

do not/don’t

does not/doesn’t

work/do/like etc.

work/do/like etc.

Questions

Do

Does

I/you/we/they

he/she/it

work/do/like etc. ?

work/do/like etc. ?

* NOTE: If the main verb is be, we do not use do/does as the auxiliary verb. We use am/is/are instead.

Is your shirt new?

Are you happy with the test results?

* NOTE: We can also use modal verbs as the auxiliary verb instead of do / does .

Can you swim?

Should he pack his swimsuit?

* NOTE: Negative questions are also possible. We generally use them to show surprise, disbelief, or shock.

Don’t you like pizza?