Present Continuous

We use the Present Continuous to talk about:

– ACTIONS HAPPENING AT THE MOMENT

Please don’t make so much noise I’m studying.

Steve isn’t working today, he has the day off.

Are you watching the TV? Or can I turn it off?

– UNFINISHED ACTIONS HAPPENING AROUND NOW

I’m reading a fantastic book, I’ll lend it to you when I’m finished.

Charles isn’t playing football this season.

Is Diane taking a photography course?

– FUTURE PLANS WHEN THE TIME/PLACE IS KNOWN

The Millers are having a barbeque this weekend.

Wendy isn’t going away this week, she has too much work to do.

Are you going fishing on Saturday?

*NOTE: that we do not normally use state verbs in the continuous form (ie: know, love, believe, want, etc.).

I know how to use a computer. (not: I’m knowing)

Bob doesn’t like pizza. (not: Bob is not liking)

Does she want to buy a car? (not: Is she wanting)

Form

Affirmative

I

you/we/they

he/she/it

am/’m

are/’re

is/’s

working/doing/reading etc.

Negative

I

you/we/they

he/she/it

am not/’m not

are not/’re not/aren’t

is not/’s not/isn’t

working/doing/reading etc.

Questions

Am

Are

Is

I

you/we/they

he/she/it

working/doing/reading etc. ?

* NOTE: Negative questions are also possible. We generally use them to show surprise, disbelief, or shock.

Aren’t you watching the football match?