Present Perfect Simple

We use the Present Perfect Simple to talk about actions happening in the past with a present result,  recently completed actions, and life experiences. If you would like to learn more about this tense, you’ve come to the right place. Feel free to look around, learn, and practice.

present perfect simple

We use the Present Perfect Simple to talk about:

- ACTIONS HAPPENING IN THE PAST WITH RESULTS IN THE PRESENT

An investor has donated to research in cancer.

It hasn’t rained in a month, the crops are drying up.

Have the kids grown much recently?

- RECENTLY COMPLETED ACTIONS

Greg has bought a new car. I heard it’s fast!

We haven’t cleaned the basement yet. I’ll get started on it soon.

Have you finished your homework yet?

- LIFE EXPERIENCES

I’ve been to the UK once.

William hasn’t seen that new horror film yet.

Has Ann been sailing before?

* NOTE: We can use Present Perfect Simple (Tim has lived) to focus more on the result
and we can use Present Perfect Continuous (Tim has been living) to focus more on the action .

Compare the following:
Tim has lived in the UK for three years.


Tim has been living in the UK for three years.

Affirmative
I/you/we/they

he/she/it

have/’ve

has/’s

been/lived/done etc .
Negative
I/you/we/they

he/she/it

have not/ haven’t/’ve not

has not/hasn’t/’s not

been/lived/done etc .
Questions
Have

Has

I/you/we/they

he/she/it

been/lived/done etc ?

* NOTE: Negative questions are also possible. We generally use them to show surprise,
disbelief, or shock.

Hasn’t Joe called his boss yet?

* NOTE: We often use for and since with perfect tenses to specify the duration of the time.